The attachment and bonds infants develop early in life play a critical role in their interactions with others as they grow this lesson will introduce the strange situation experiment conducted by mary ainsworth and discuss the four infant attachment types identified through the experiment. Mary ainsworth & barbara wittig (1969) devised the strange situation controlled observation procedure from the baltimore studies, to study formally the reactions of young children to brief separations from their mother to determine the nature of attachment behaviours in particular they were interested in. We argue that it was the combination of ainsworth's working experience with william blatz and john bowlby, her own research in uganda and baltimore, and the strong connection of the ssp with attachment theory, that made the ssp differ enough from the other strange situation studies to become one of the most widely. However, most attachment research is carried out using infants and young children, so psychologists have to devise subtle ways of researching attachment styles, usually involving the observational method psychologist mary ainsworth devised an assessment technique called the strange situation classification ( ssc) in. Mary ainsworth (december 1, 1913 – march 21, 1999) was a developmental psychologist perhaps best known for her strange situation assessment and contributions to the area of attachment theory ainsworth elaborated on bowlby's research on attachment and developed an approach to observing a. Mary ainsworth, a colleague of bowlby, moved the theory of attachment to measurable science by her creation of the strange situation laboratory her research also created the four attachment styles, which were not only important to attachment theory but also psychotherapy mary main, who was a student of ainsworth,. Mary ainsworth, a psychologist, studied attachment theory in collaboration with her colleague sylvia bell, she developed the strange situation test.
Ainsworth and her colleagues devised a system for assessing individual differences in infants' reactions to a series of separations and reunions with their mothers this method, the strange situation, has become one of the most widely used procedures in child development research in this scenario, an observer takes a. Harlow (1961) used a strange situation to demonstrate the security function c£ surrogate cloth mothers for infant rhesus macaques ainsworth and wittig (1969) made a preliminary report of the attachment-exploration balance in human 1 year olds other studies—arsenian (1943), cox and campbell (1968), kheingold. In 1969, american psychologist mary ainsworth developed a new procedure for studying attachment types in infants she called her procedure the strange situation classification – known more commonly as just the strange situation ainsworth was a student of the leading developmental psychologist. Like bowlby, ainsworth also believed in the control systems but went a step further with the strange situation, which splits attachment up into three types: secure, avoidant, and studies have shown that fathers who have early contact with their child have a stronger attachment with them in the months following the birth.
Strange situation reunion classifications many researchers sought to train with mary ainsworth or her former students to learn the procedure and classification system hundreds of studies using the strange situation appeared in print it often seemed as if attachment and the strange situation had become synonymous. The ainsworth strange situation is a brief, structured observational procedure in which one-year-old infants are exposed to two brief separations from the less favorable outcomes than does secure attachment in later childhood (see cassidy and berlin, 1994, and main, 1995, for an overview of the foregoing studies.
Main, m, solomon, j (1990) procedures for identifying disorganized/disoriented infants in the ainsworth strange situation in greenberg, m t, cicchetti, d, cummings, e m (eds), attachment in the preschool years: theory, research, and intervention (pp 121–160) chicago: university of chicago press google scholar. The mother then returns and the stranger leaves the mother now remains with the infant for 3 minutes the strange situation developed by mary ainsworth has become one of the most commonly used procedures in child development research the whole test lasts around twenty minutes the test is administered to.
Present a set of indices of disorganization and disorientation in strange-situation [m ainsworth] behavior that will permit the identification of d [disorganized/ disoriented response] patterning by other workers / begin with a review of previous studies reporting difficulties in placing (forcing) every infant in a given sample into.
The strange situation ainsworth based her test on one of the most basic human emotions: fear as the baby becomes attached to its caregivers, after about six months, it starts to display fear in two easily repeatable situations: stranger anxiety: some time after six months of age children usually start to. Psychologist mary ainsworth first devised the strange situation procedure to assess the quality of an infant's attachment to his or her mother this article to test a child's attachment style, researchers put the child and her mother (these studies almost always focus on the mother) alone in an experimental room the room. Show article table of contents how the attachment theory developed understanding attachment ainsworth's strange situation maternal deprivation studies the stages of attachment factors that influence attachment patterns of attachment problems with attachment why attachment matters view all. Ainsworth and her students developed a technique called the strange situation--a laboratory paradigm for studying infant-parent attachment in the strange situation , 12-month-old infants and their parents are brought to the laboratory and, systematically, separated from and reunited with one another in the strange situation,.